The Men’s Cricket World Cup was first held in 1975 as a 60 over game with six balls per over. The first world cup event was hosted by England the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude.
The first three world cup events (1975 to 1983) was hosted by England and officially known as Prudential Cup after the name of sponsors.
1975 World Cup:
In this event 8 teams (India, Australia, Pakistan, New Zealand, West Indies, England, Srilanka and a composite team from East Africa) had participated among 6 are Test playing nations at that time, where Srilanka and East Africa are non-Test playing nations. This tournament was won by West Indies after defeating Australia by a margin of 17 runs.
Clive Lloyd had performed well in final match by scoring 102 runs (85 balls, 12 fours, 2 sixes) and he was awarded as player of the match.
Leading run scorer: Glenn Turner (333 runs) of New Zealand
Leading wicket taker: Gary Gilmour (11 wickets)
Winners: West Indies.
Semi-Finalists: England, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies.
First Prudential cup was lifted by West Indies captain Clive Lloyd.
1979 World Cup:
1979 world cup was second edition of this tournament which hosted by England and this event was held from 9 to 23 June. Format of this event remain unchanged from 1975. Eight Countries (India, West Indies, Australia, England, Pakistan, SriLanka, New Zealand and Canada) participated in this event.
The preliminary matches were played in 2 groups. The top 2 teams from each group played the semifinals, the winners of semis played finals.
West Indies captain lifted the prudential cup for the second time after defeating England. West Indies score was 286/9 and England got out for 194. Vivian Richards had played a tremendous innings for his team scoring 138 runs.
Leading run scorer: Gordon Greenidge (253 runs)
Leading wicket taker: Mike Hendrick (10 wickets)
Winners: West Indies.
Semi-Finalists: England, Pakistan, New Zealand, West Indies.
1983 World Cup:
The World Cup which changed the destiny of Indian Cricket. This World Cup was held from 9 June to 23 June 1983 in England.
Zimbabwe was the new team entered into this World Cup. Eight teams participated in this tournament. 1983 tournament was full of dramatic cricket right from the beginning. Small teams like India (in 1983 India was a small team) and Zimbabwe registered wins against strong teams like Australia and West Indies.
Under the captaincy of Kapil Dev India won this event after defeating West Indies in final. In final match Vivian Richards catch which was taken by Kapil Dev was considered as greatest catch of all time.
In final India lost the toss and asked to bat against West Indies which as world’s best bowling attack. India scored just 183 runs in 60 overs which was considered as low total. But surprisingly West Indies bowled out for just 140 runs. Amarnath showed his great performance by picking up 3 wickets and scoring 26 runs who was awarded as player of the match.
Leading run scorer: David Gower (384 runs) of England
Leading wicket taker: Roger Binny (18 wickets) of India
Runners: West Indies.
Semi-Finalists: England, Pakistan, India, West Indies.
Kapil Dev lifted the world cup for the time and India was the 2nd nation to get world cup.
1987 World Cup:
This event was hosted by India and Pakistan. This is the 4th edition of world cup and it is also known as Reliance World Cup. This event was held from 8 October to 8 November 1987 which was the first event outside England. Eight teams participated in this event and this event was won by Australia after defeating England by 7 runs. Allan Border was the captain for Australian team. DC Boon (Australia) was awarded player of the match.
60 overs were reduced to 50 overs in this event. Two host nation’s India and Pakistan failed to reach finals.
Leading run scorer: Graham Gooch (471 runs) of England
Leading wicket taker: Craig MC Dermott (18 wickets) of Australia
Semi-Finalists: England, Pakistan, India, Australia.
1992 World Cup:
This was the 5th edition of world cup which was organised by ICC (International Cricket Council). It was held in Australia and New Zealand from 22 February to 25 March.
The format was changed from previous editions. The initial draw was released with eight teams and around 28 round-robin matches. In 1991
South Africa was readmitted to ICC after long years of apartheid. The revised draw included 36 league matches, two semi-finals and finals. Total 9 teams participated in this event.
The rule for calculating the target score for the team batting second when affected by rain also changed. This world cup was won by Pakistani team under the captaincy of Imran Khan.
Man of the Series award was introduced in this tournament.
Leading run scorer: Martin Crowe (456 runs) of Australia
Leading wicket taker: Wasim Akram (18 wickets) of Pakistan
Semi-Finalists: England, Pakistan, India, Australia.
Man of the series: MD Growe
Player of the match: Wasim Akram
1996 World Cup:
This world cup is also known as wills world cup after its sponsors. This world cup was organised by ICC and hosted by India, Pakistan and SriLanka. Nine teams participated in this world cup which was won by SriLanka after defeating Australia. The SriLankan team was captained by Arjuna Ranatunga. Several changes like field restrictions in first 15 overs, white color ball were introduced in this tournament. Aravinda de Silva delivered tremendous knock of 107 runs to win this event, he was awarded as man of the match.
Leading run scorer: Sachin Tendulkar (523 runs) of India
Leading wicket taker: Anil Kumble (15 wickets) of India
Semi-Finalists: SriLanka, West Indies, India, Australia.
Man of the series: Sanath Jayasuriya from SriLanka
1999 World Cup:
This seventh edition of World Cup was hosted by England some games were hosted in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the Netherlands. New teams like Bangladesh, Kenya and Scotland were qualified to this event through ICC trophy. 12 teams participated in this event.
This World Cup was won by Australia after defeating Pakistan by 8 wickets. In this Event 12 teams were divided in to 2 groups, where each team in the group played all the others in the group during the league stage. Top three teams from each group moved to super sixes,a new concept introduced in 1999 world cup. Shane Warne was awarded as man of the match.
Leading run scorer: Rahul Dravid (462 runs) of India
Leading wicket taker: Shane Warne (20 wickets) of Australia
Semi-Finalists: South Africa, New Zealand, Pakistan, Australia.
Player of the tournament: Lance Klusner of South Africa.
2003 World Cup:
2003 world cup was co-hosted by South Africa, Kenya, Zimbabwe and organised by ICC. This tournament featured 14 teams, the largest no.of teams in any world cup. The format followed in 1999 cup was followed in this world cup. Kenya entered in to semifinals in this tournament after defeating strong teams like New Zealand, SriLanka. Top teams South Africa, Pakistan, West Indies, England failed to cross group stage.
This event was won by Australia who won all 11 matches in this tournament, beating India in the finals in Johannesburg. This was Australia’s 3rd world cup. Ricky Ponting played a tremendous innings in finals who was awarded as man o the match.
Leading run scorer: Sachin Tendulkar (462 runs) of India.
Leading wicket taker: Chaminda Vass (23 wickets) of SriLanka.
Semi-Finalists: India, SriLanka, Kenya, Australia.
Player of the tournament: Sachin Tendulkar of India.
2007 World cup:
ICC 2007 world cup was hosted by West Indies, from 13 March to 28 April 2007. 16 teams participated in this tournament were they are divided in to 4 groups, with the two top teams in each group enter in super eight. Top teams like India, Pakistan returned to home in group stage after loosing with small teams Bangladesh and Ireland. Ire Land entered in to super eight stage after defeating Pakistan. Australia and Srilanka entered in to final where Australia won the final match. Adam Gilchrist unbeatable knock of 149 runs in 104 balls, who is awarded as man of the match made Australia win comfortably. This is the third consecutive world cup for Australia, second in Ricky Ponting’s captaincy.
Leading run scorer: Matthew Hayden (659 runs) of Australia.
Leading wicket taker: Glen MC Grath (26 wickets) of Australia.
Runners: Sri Lanka.
Semi-Finalists: South Africa, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, Australia.
Player of the tournament: Matthew Hayden of Australia.
2011 World Cup:
The ICC 2011 world cup was the 10th cricket world cup co-hosted by India, Bangladesh, Srilanka. 14 national cricket teams took part in this event. This tournament was held from 19th February to 2nd April.
This tournament was won by India after 28 years under the captaincy of M.S.Dhoni. The final match was played between India and Srilanka in which India won by 6 wickets and Dhoni was awarded as man of the match. In this tournament India won against Pakistan in semifinals in which Tendulkar was awarded as man of the match. It was the first final with out Australia since 1996.
Leading run scorer: Dilshan (500 runs) of SriLanka.
Leading wicket taker: Zaheer Khan (22 wickets) of India.
Semi-Finalists: India, SriLanka, New Zealand, Pakistan.
Player of the tournament: Yuvraj Singh of India with 362 runs and 15 wickets.
2015 World Cup:
This was the 11th edition of ICC cricket world cup jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand. 14 teams participated in this world cup, same as 2011. The format was same as 2011 format where 14 teams are divided into 2 groups seven of each group and top four teams from each group qualified for quarter-finals. ICC reinstated the use of the super over for world cup Final match finishes as tie.
This tournament was won by Australia for the fifth time after beating New Zealand who entered in to Finals for the first time. Clarke was the captain for Australian team.
Leading run scorer: Martin Guptil (547 runs) of New Zealand.
Leading wicket taker: Mitchell Starc (22 wickets) of Australia.
Runners: New Zealand.
Semi-Finalists: India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa.
Player of the match – JP Faulkner (Australia)
Player of the series – MA Starc (Australia).
Author: stalker Roy
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